Rain renews the bush; banksias start flowering, as well as some understorey plants such as correas and some wattles.
Baitfish move to the north of the Bay, which brings Little Penguins to feed on them. From April, longshore drift tends southward.
Only the Common Froglet and the Southern Brown Tree frog are likely to be calling, if local ponds have enough water.
By late autumn, lizards and snakes start to hibernate.
Juveniles of Tawny Frogmouths and Eastern Spinebills disperse; Rose and Flame Robins arrive from Tasmania; Boobooks and Spiny-cheeked Honeyeaters may appear. In mid to late autumn, migratory waders head north.
Brushtail Possums’ single young born (or in spring), spending 6 months in the pouch.
Eucalypts, casuarinas, mistletoe and some orchids bloom. Fungi appear.
Gannets and Shearwaters active in squally weather.
Few butterflies active in the cold months, many insects over-wintering as eggs or pupae.
Local ponds usually have water, but only the Common Froglet and the Southern Brown Tree frog are calling.
Small honeyeaters, such as Yellow-faced and White-naped may be more numerous, attracted by the flowering plants. Superb Fairy-wrens and Scrubwrens breed in local reserves. Silvereyes numerous, augmented by autumn migrants from Tasmania. Brown Thornbills breed.
Ringtail Possums’ young born (or in autumn), usually twins.
Many understorey plants and shrubs bloom, notably heath species, wattles and the Wedding Bush. Late spring, banksias produce cones.
From November, longshore drift tends northward.
Caper White Butterflies appear in large numbers some years, flying from northern Australia. Many more butterflies and other insects are active.
Spotted and a few Striped Marsh Frogs join the frog chorus. The peak breeding season starts for the Common Froglet and Southern Brown Tree Frog. Pobblebonks call from late Spring.
Lizards and snakes come out of hibernation.
The peak breeding season starts for most birds, e.g. the Common Bronzewing. Migratory waders arrive back from the northern hemisphere.
Some eucalypts still blooming, notably Peppermints and Manna Gums. Sweet Bursaria blooms. Many plants, such as wattles and native grasses, start setting seed which ripens through the summer.
Juveniles of Terns and other local seabirds disperse. Dolphins more frequently seen.
Butterflies in large numbers are active; Blue Flower Wasp males seek their mates. Cicadas call on hot days.
Frothy egg masses of Pobblebonks coat some ponds. All local frog species calling. As ponds dry up, frogs bury in the mud.
Wren families foraging in the undergrowth. Some bird species raise a second brood if conditions allow; Swifts may flock for insects before summer storms.
Banksia Bulletins Articles by many local naturalists over the years.
Neale, Don & McDougall, Sue. Nature's Year in Sandringham. City of Sandringham, 1988.
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